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Australia Society and Culture

Australia has a very diverse culture and lifestyle. Australia’s original inhabitants, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, are the custodians of one of the world’s oldest continuing cultural traditions.

Rest of Australia’s people are migrants or descendants of migrants who have arrived in Australia from different countries since Great Britain established the first European settlement at Sydney Cove in 1788.

Australia has a population of around 24 million people. 25.6 per cent of the estimated resident population comprised those born overseas.

Respect for equal worth, dignity and freedom of the individual

Freedom of speech and association

Freedom of religion and a secular government

Support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law

Equality under the law

Equality of opportunity


A spirit of egalitarianism that embraces tolerance, mutual respect, and compassion for those in need.


Australia also holds firmly to the belief that no one should be disadvantaged on the basis of their country of birth, cultural heritage, language, gender or religious belief.

The unemployment rate is relatively low (in December 2007 it was 4.3 per cent) and the gross per capita income is around $39 000. All people are equal under the law in Australia and all Australians have the right to be respected and treated in a fair manner.


All people in Australia are encouraged to learn English, which is the national language and an important unifying element of Australian society. However, languages other than English are also valued.